Knee surgeon

News

knee painful skeleton x ray, 3d illustration medical concept.

Meniscal Tear

In this article, we will provide you with a brief summary of the causes of meniscal tear, the symptoms, and how to treat the injury.
Date:
12 de April de 2024
Written by:
Dr. Pablo Gelber

A meniscal tear is a prevalent injury that affects the integrity of the knee. The menisci, crescent-shaped cartilaginous structures, play a crucial role as shock absorbers between the femur and the tibia, significantly contributing to weight distribution and joint stability.

A meniscal tear occurs when one of these cartilages experiences a tear or rupture. In this article, we will provide a brief summary of the causes, symptoms, and how to treat the injury, which in some cases may require surgical intervention. You can request further information for personalized advice at Dr. Pablo Gelber’s consultation.

Causes

  • Meniscal tears often occur during sports activities or accidents involving sudden movements, extreme flexion, or direct and abrupt impacts on the knee.
  • As we age, it’s possible for bone density to decrease, meaning our bones may weaken over time, specifically the menisci, which can become more prone to tears, even with simple daily movements.

Symptoms

  • Pain: It can manifest acutely or progressively. Pain typically worsens when bending or straightening the knee.
  • Swelling: The knee may swell and feel warm to the touch.
  • Stiffness: You may experience difficulty moving the knee or feel stiffness when attempting to do so.
  • Locking or catching: In some cases, a torn piece of the meniscus can get caught in the joint, causing the knee to lock or catch. Feeling of instability: You may feel like the knee is giving way or about to “give out.”

To address these symptoms, you should seek professional help, where a physical examination and diagnostic imaging tests such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or ultrasound will likely be performed.

Treatment

The therapeutic approach to a meniscal tear is influenced by various factors, such as the severity of the injury, the location of the tear, and the patient’s individual characteristics. Several treatment options are available:

– Conservative therapy

Implementation of measures such as rest, application of cryotherapy, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce inflammation and pain. Additionally, physiotherapy may be recommended to strengthen the surrounding muscles and improve joint stability. However, this approach is suitable only for less severe cases.

– Medications

Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or other pain relievers to manage pain and reduce inflammation. Although they provide symptomatic relief, they may sometimes be insufficient, necessitating surgical intervention.

– Administration of corticosteroid injections

These are used to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain, particularly in cases of chronic inflammation. While their analgesic effect is immediate, their duration of action is usually shorter compared to other pharmacological agents.

– Surgery

In more severe cases or when conservative strategies are ineffective, arthroscopic surgery may be performed to repair or remove the affected meniscal segment. Schedule your appointment now with Dr. Pablo Gelber.

The success of treatment depends on multiple factors, such as the severity of the injury, the patient’s age, and their level of physical activity, as well as the effectiveness of the adopted therapeutic approach. It’s important to adhere to the guidelines and medical prescriptions provided by your doctor or surgeon, as well as to undergo an appropriate rehabilitation program to maximize long-term results.

Share
More News
síndrome de la cintilla iliotibial
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
In this article, we will talk about iliotibial band syndrome, its causes, symptoms, and treatment methods.